Almanac for B.E. IV-SEM CEEP (Working Professionals) Academic Year 2023-2024.. || Advertisement for Project Associate position in the MeitY sponsored Project under Chips to Startup Scheme in the Department of ECE, UCE(A),OU. || 2nd National Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering& Nano Technology (AMENT-2024) during 28-29 June 2024. extension of last date of submission of Abstract to 15-4-2024.|| A Certificate Course in English Communication Skills and Personality Development (offline mode) Feb-2024.||

Faculty Accomplishments

List of Publications in International Journals by Faculty
Faculty Name Paper Title Journal Name Volume No. & Year
Prof. M. Gopal Naik (Head) Hydrological Modeling of Musi River Basin India and Sensitive Parameterization of Stream Flow using SWAT CUP model Journal of Hydrogeology and Hydraulic Engineering (JHHE) Vol. 6(2),Pp.1-10, 2017
Prof. M. Gopal Naik (Head) Hydrological Modeling of Musi River Basin and Impact Assessment of Land Use Change on Urban Runoff International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology (IJERT) July, 2017, Vol. 6(7),Pp.305-312
Prof. M. Gopal Naik (Head) Useful Life of a Reservoir and its Dependency on Watershed Activities Journal of Agricultural Research and Technology Vol.8 (5), Pp.01-09. July,2017
Prof. M. Kumar Examining crash variable based on collision type for predicting crash severity on urban highways International Journal of Traffic and Transport Engineering Vol. 7(3); pp:381 – 390 (2017)
Prof. M. Kumar Evaluation of delay characteristics at signalized Intersections for improvement in level of service International Journal of Traffic and Transport Engineering Vol. 8(3); pp:309 (2018)
Prof. M. Kumar A Laboratory Investigation on Rutting Characteristics of HMA & WMA Mixes when Reinforced with Fibers Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies Vol. 11 (2017)
Prof. M. Kumar Road Side Interview (RSI) Technique for Calculation of Traffic Growth Rates at Micro Level Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies Vol. 12, (2017)
Prof. M. Kumar A study on influence of shape of aggregate on strength and quality of concrete for buildings and pavements International Journal for Advanced Materials Research Vol. 941-944 pp766-779, (2017)
Prof. V. Bhikshma An Experimental Investigation on Flexural Behaviour of Natural and Recycled Aggregate Concrete Beams Using Recron 3-S Fibers International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 7, Issue 11, November 2017
Prof. V. Bhikshma Development of M40 Grade Recycled Aggregate Concrete by Replacing 100% Virgin Aggregates With Recycled Aggregates and Partial Replacement of Mineral Admixtures International Journal of Engineering Research and Application Vol. 8, Issue3, ( Part -V) March 2018, pp.27-32
Prof. M. A. Prasad Identification of Critical Erosion Prone Areas and Computation of Sediment Yield Using Remote Sensing and GIS: A Case Study on Sarada River Basin J. Inst. Eng. India Ser. A Springer
Prof. M. A. Prasad Temperature Projections from GCMs Using Quantile Remapping Method International Journal of Applied Engineering Research Volume 13, Number 11 (2018) pp. 8922-8924
Prof. M. A. Prasad Reservoir Operation Model for Hyderabad Water Supply System International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 3, Issue 6 Pp 950-956 Impact factor: 4.295
Prof. M. A. Prasad Reservoir Operation of Hyderabad Water Supply System International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 7, Special Issue 2, Dec. 2017 Pp 579-582
Prof. M. A. Prasad ANFIS Model for Reservoir Operation International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 8, Special Issue 5, May 2018 Pp 218-225
Prof. M. A. Prasad Water Distribution Network Model Using EPANET International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 8, Special Issue 5, May 2018 Pp 226-229
Prof. K. L. Radhika Contractors Critical Factors Influencing Project Success: A Case of Indian Construction International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology Vol 5, Issue XI, November 2017, pg. 1803-1808
Prof. K. L. Radhika Factors Effecting Cost Estimation: A Case Study from Yemen Construction Projects International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology Volume 6, Issue II, Feb 2018
Prof. K. L. Radhika Dynamic Analysis of a Tall Chimney International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology Volume 6, Issue II, Feb 2018
Prof. K. L. Radhika Strength and Durability of Self Curing Concrete using Recycled Aggregates International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology Volume 6, Issue III, March 2018, pg. 1274-1280
Prof. K. L. Radhika Project Success Analysis of Contractor Organization Attributes using Regression Model International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 8, Special Issue 5, May 2018, pg. 249-253
Prof. K. L. Radhika Factors Effecting Cost Estimation: A Case Study from Yemen Construction Projects International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 8, Special Issue 5, May 2018, pg. 115-122
Prof. K. L. Radhika & Mrs. P. Anuradha Study on Strength Characteristics of Fly-GGBS Based Geopolymer Concrete using Crusher stone dust as Fine Aggregates International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Vol 07, Issue 2, December 2017, pg. 487-493
Prof. K. L. Radhika & Mrs. P. Anuradha Effect of Slope Combination on Dynamic Analysis of RCC Chimney International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 8, Special Issue 5, May 2018, pg. 157-163
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “A Study on Retrofitting of RCC Industrial Building, pp. 105-114 International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology V. 08, Special Issue 05, May 2018, (UGC S.No. 1, J.No. 49004)
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “A Study on Skew Effect of Prestressed Concrete Bridges, pp. 187-194. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology V. 08, Special Issue 05, May 2018, (UGC S.No. 1, J.No. 49004)
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “Shape Optimization of PVNR Expressway and Muslim Jung Parallel Bridge Piers pp. 1-10. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology V. 07, Special Issue 02, December 2017, (UGC S.No. 1, J.No. 49004)
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “Structural Shape Optimization – Part 1: Weight and Strain Energy Minimizations,” pp. 11-18. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology V. 07, Special Issue 02, December 2017, (UGC S.No. 1, J.No. 49004)
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “Structural Shape Optimization – Part 2: Stress Leveling, and Weight and Strain Energy Minimizations,” pp. 19-26. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology V. 07, Special Issue 02, December 2017, (UGC S.No. 1, J.No. 49004)
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “A Study on Shear Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Beams,” pp. 27-35. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology V. 07, Special Issue 02, December 2017, (UGC S.No. 1, J.No. 49004)
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “A Study on Mechanical Properties of Unprocessed Crushed Stone Aggregate Concrete,” pp. 36-40 International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology V. 07, Special Issue 02, December 2017, (UGC S.No. 1, J.No. 49004)
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “Mechanical Properties of Concrete Using Manufactured Sand,” pp. 173-179. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology V. 07, Special Issue 02, December 2017, (UGC S.No. 1, J.No. 49004)
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar "Study on Mechanical Properties of Binary Blended Recycled Aggregate Concrete Using Rice Husk Ash," 236-240 International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology V. 07, Special Issue 02, December 2017, (UGC S.No. 1, J.No. 49004)
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar "Strenght Characteristics of Fly Ash Concrete with same Workability," pp. 53-56. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology V. 06, No.08, August 2017, PP.53-56. (UGC S.No.1, J.No.49004)
Dr. M. V. S. Sreedhar Model studies on the Effect of Cavity on Bearing Capacity of a Shallow Foundation International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Vol.7, Special Issue 2, Dec-2017. (Pp.583-587).
Dr. M. V. S. Sreedhar Laboratory Investigations on Carrying Capacity of Piles in Ash Ponds International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Vol.7, Special Issue 2, Dec-2017. (pp.588-591)
Dr. M. V. S. Sreedhar Influence of Plastic Fines on Compaction and Shear Strength Characteristics of Soil Mixtures Australian Journal of Engineering and Technology Research Vol.2, Issue 2 -2017, (pp.15-34)
Dr. M. V. S. Sreedhar Influence of Plastic Fines on Compaction and CBR Characteristics of Soil Mixtures International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, Vol.6, Issue 07, July-2017, (pp. 233-239)
Dr. D. Rajashekar Reddy Evaluation of rutting potential of asphalts using resilient modulus test parameters Road Materials and Pavement design (Taylor & Francis) August 2017
Dr. D. Rajashekar Reddy Planning of Cross-Pedestrian facilities in urban areas International Journal of Emerging Technology & Advance Engineering Volume 7 Issue 12 Dec 2017
Dr. D. Rajashekar Reddy Evaluation of the effect of aggregate gradation & binder parameters on Bituminous Mix Rutting International Journal of Emerging Technology & Advance Engineering Volume 8 Spl. Issue May 2018
Dr. D. Rajashekar Reddy Capacity analysis of Roundabout International Journal of Advance Research in Science & Engineering Volume 6 Spl. Issue 01 Dec 2017
Dr. D. Rajashekar Reddy Improvement of Sub-grade material using additives International Journal of Advance Research in Science & Engineering Volume 6 Spl. Issue 01 Dec 2017
Dr. D. Rajashekar Reddy Impacts of Roadway Traffic and man-made features on Road safety International Journal of Advance Research in Science & Engineering Volume 6 Spl. Issue 01 Dec 2017
Dr. D. Rajashekar Reddy Geometric design consistency & its relation to safety on outer ring road International Journal of Advance Research in Science & Engineering Volume 6 Spl. Issue 01 Dec 2017
Dr. D. Rajashekar Reddy Soil Stabilization and design of Flexible pavements using IRC:37-2012 Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative research Volume 5 Issue 02 Feb 2018
Mrs. D. Annapurna Evaluation of mechanical properties of Fly ash and GGBS based Geopolymer concrete Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research December 2017, Volume 4, Issue 12
Mrs. D. Annapurna Development of Artificial Neural Network Model for Geopolymer Concrete International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 8, Special Issue 5, May 2018
Mrs. D. Annapurna Influence of Calcium Content on Micro Structure of Geopolymer Mortar International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 7, Special Issue 2, December 2017
Mrs. D. Annapurna Experimental Investigation on Volcanic Ash – Based Geopolymer Concrete International Journal of Engineering Technology Science and Research Volume 5, Issue 1 January 2018
Mrs. S. Prasanna Multi Criteria Decision Analysis for Optimal Selection of Supplier Selection in Construction Industry – A Case Study International Journal of Engineering Technology Science and Research Volume – 5, Issue – 1, Jan-2018
List of Publications in National Journals by Faculty
Faculty Name Paper Title Journal Name Volume No. & Year
Prof. M. Kumar Modeling of pedestrian gap in perspective of land use pattern at Midblock location in urban cities i- Mangers Journal on Civil Engineering Vol. 7 (1) pp:37 – 44 (2017)
Prof. M. Kumar Identification of Black Spot Location for Providing Improvement Measures on Selected i- Mangers Journal on Civil Engineering Vol. 7(3;) pp:15 – 24 (2017)
Prof. M. Kumar Stretch of National Highway in Hyderabad. i- Mangers Journal on Civil Engineering
Prof. M. Kumar Effect of Polypropylene Granules in Asphalt Mix Prepared with varying Packing Characteristics Highway Research Journal, IRC, India Vol. 9(1); pp:13-20 (2018)
Prof. M. Kumar Development of Model For Pedestrian Gap Based On Land Use Pattern At Midblock Location And Estimation of Delay At Intersections Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India) Vol. pp:1-10 (2018)
Prof. M. Kumar A Review of Traffic Calming Measures Indian Journal of Scientific Research Vol. 17 (2) pp:93-99 (2018)
Prof. K. L. Radhika Optimization of mix proportioning for Self Compacting Concretes using Particle Packing theories Indian Concrete Journal Vol913, April 2017 No.4, Pg 20-31
Dr. R. Srinivasa Kumar Roughness Evaluation of Flexible Pavements Using Merlin and Total Station Equipment Journal on Civil Engineering Dec-Feb 2018 Vol (8), Issue No. : 1
Dr. R. Srinivasa Kumar Development of Vehicle Tailpipe Emission Models Based on Road Roughness Journal on Civil Engineering Sep-Nov 2017 Vol (7) Issue No. : 4
Mrs. D. Annapurna Experimental and analytical studies on flexural behavior of Geopolymer concrete The Indian Concrete Journal Dec 2017, Vol.91, No.12, pp 45-50.
List of Publications in International Conferences by Faculty
Faculty Name Paper Title Confetence Name Volume No. & Year
Prof. M. Gopal Naik (Head) Case Study on Impact of land use Change on Urban Runoff with Hydrological Modelling of Musi River basin, India Proc. HYDRO-2017 International 21st -23rd December, 2017
Prof. M. Gopal Naik (Head) Simulation of Trap Efficiency for Sriramsagar Reservoir using Artificial Neural Network Techniques eProc. of 37th IAHR World Congress 13th -18th August, 2017
Prof. M. Kumar The Effect of Using Acid Modified Mixes on Performance of Asphalt Concrete 4th Conference of Transportation Research Group of India (CTRG) 17-20 December, 2017
Prof. M. Kumar An Impact of Automatic Toll Collection on Outer Ring Road using Intelligent Transportation System 4th Conference of Transportation Research Group of India (CTRG) 17-20 December, 2017
Prof. M. Kumar A Review of Traffic Calming Measures 2nd International Conference on Recent Innovations in Engineering & Technology 21-22 December, 2017
Prof. M. Kumar Experimental Study on Geo cell and of Fiber Reinforced Soil Sub-Grade under Static and Repetitive Load International Symposium on Geo techniques of Transportation Infrastructure on. April 07 -08, 2018 at IIT Delhi
Prof. V. Bhikshma Stress Strain Behavior of fly ash based Geo- Polymer Concrete with addition of GGBS International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering Dec 2017
Prof. V. Bhikshma Development of High strength Recycled Aggregate Concrete mixes International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering Dec 2017
Prof. V. Bhikshma Experimental Investigation on Mechanical properties of high strength Geo polymer concrete International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering Dec 2017
Prof. V. Bhikshma Experimental study on flexural behavior of high strength Geo polymer concrete International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering Dec 2017
Prof. V. Bhikshma Experimental Investigation on strength properties of Recycled aggregate concrete International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering Dec 2017
Prof. V. Bhikshma Mechanical properties of the concrete using manufactured sand International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering Dec 2017
Prof. K. L. Radhika & Mrs. P. Anuradha Study on Strength Characteristics of Fly Ash – GGBS based Geopolymer Concrete using Crusher Stone Dust a Fine Aggregates International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering pg 493-498
Dr. M. V. S. Sreedhar Laboratory Evaluation of Erosion Control Using Coir Geoproducts IGC-2017 organized by IIT, Guwahati 14-16, December-2017, pp.1-4.
Dr. M. V. S. Sreedhar Model Studies on the Effect of Cavity on Bearing Capacity of a Shallow Foundation International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering 28-31, Dec-2017, pp. 563-565.
Dr. M. V. S. Sreedhar Laboratory Investigations on Carrying Capacity of Piles in Ash Ponds International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering 29-31 December 2017
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar Shape Optimization of PVNR Expressway and Muslim Jung Parallel Bridge Piers International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering, IC-ISE-2017, ISBN: 978 93 86724 33 5, Hyderabad, India 29-31 December 2017
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “Structural Shape Optimization – Part 1: Weight and Strain Energy Minimizations,” International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering, IC-ISE-2017, ISBN: 978 93 86724 33 5, Hyderabad, India 29-31 December 2017
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “Structural Shape Optimization – Part 2: Stress Leveling, and Weight and Strain Energy Minimizations,” International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering, IC-ISE-2017, ISBN: 978 93 86724 33 5, Hyderabad, India 29-31 December 2017
Dr. D. Rupesh Kuma “A Study on Shear Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Beams,” International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering, IC-ISE-2017, ISBN: 978 93 86724 33 5, Hyderabad, India 29-31 December 2017
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “A Study on Mechanical Properties of Unprocessed Crushed Stone Aggregate Concrete,” International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering, IC-ISE-2017, ISBN: 978 93 86724 33 5, Hyderabad, India 29-31 December 2017,
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “Mechanical Properties of Concrete Using Manufactured Sand,” International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering, IC-ISE-2017, ISBN: 978 93 86724 33 5, Hyderabad, India 29-31 December 2017
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “Study on Mechanical Properties of Binary Blended Recycled Aggregate Concrete Using Rice Husk Ash,” International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering, IC-ISE-2017, ISBN: 978 93 86724 33 5, Hyderabad, India 29-31 December 2017
Mrs. D. Annapurna Analytical Modelling of Geopolymer Concrete Using ANSYS Software 62nd Congress of Indian Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Dec. 15-18, 2017
Mrs. S. Prasanna Cost Comparison Analysis for Water Distribution Network System – A Case Study 62nd Congress of Indian Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Dec, 2017
Mrs. S. Prasanna Multi Criteria Decision Analysis for Optimal Selection of Supplier Selection in Construction Industry – A Case Study Advancement in Engineering, Applied Science and Management 7th Jan, 2018
List of Publications in National Conferences by Faculty
Faculty Name Paper Title Confetence Name Volume No. & Year
Prof. V. Bhikshma Mix proportions of high strength geopolymer concrete RTSE, Organized by Methodist Engg College 2017
Prof. V. Bhikshma Development of Mathematical model for Geopolymer concrete NCACACE 2018
Prof. M. A. Prasad Mathematical Models in Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering 5th National Conference on Water, Environment & Society (NCWES - 2018) 4-6 June 2018, PP 115-122
Prof. K. L. Radhika A Comparative Study on Seismic Analysis of Irregular Framed Structure with Bare Frame, Open Ground Storey and Infilled Frame 2-day National Conference on Advanced Computing Applications in Civil Engineering pg 201- 215
Prof. K. L. Radhika Project Success Analysis of Contractor Organization Attributes using Regression Model 2-day National Conference on Advanced Computing Applications in Civil Engineering pg 287- 292
Prof. K. L. Radhika Factors Effecting Cost Estimation: A Case Study from Yemen Construction Projects 2-day National Conference on Advanced Computing Applications in Civil Engineering pg 293- 300
Prof. K. L. Radhika, & Mrs. P. Anuradha Effect of Slope Combination on Dynamic Analysis of RCC Chimney 2-day National Conference on Advanced Computing Applications in Civil Engineering pg 187- 192
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “A Study on Retrofitting of RCC Industrial Building,” Proceedings of National Conference on Advanced Computing Applications in Civil Engineering, ACACE-2018,Hyderabad, India, ISBN: 978 93 87593 22 0, 20-21 April 2018
Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar “A Study on Skew Effect of Prestressed Concrete Bridges,” Proceedings of National Conference on Advanced Computing Applications in Civil Engineering, ACACE-2018,Hyderabad, India, ISBN: 978 93 87593 22 0,
Mrs. S. Prasanna Numerical Simulation of Francis Turbine Using Computational Fluid Dynamics - CFX Sustainable Water and Environmental Management (SWEM-2017) 21st – 23rd Dec, 2017
Mrs. S. Prasanna A Comparative Study of Different Contractor Selection Methods Advanced Computing Applications in Civil Engineering April, 2018
Conferences / Workshops / Seminars / Trainings organized by Faculty
Faculty Name Title Dates
Prof. M. Gopal Naik (Head), Dr. K. Shashikanth & Mrs. S. Prasanna World Water Day -2018: One-Day National seminar on World Water Day: Nature for Water 22nd March, 2018
Prof. M. Gopal Naik (Head) & Dr. K. Shashikanth Inauguration of Indian Green Building Council Hyderabad Chapter 22nd March, 2018
Prof. V. Bhikshma Inauguration of Indian Concrete Institute Student Chapter 19th January, 2018
Prof. V. Bhikshma & Prof. M. A. Prasad Mock Visit of NBA team to Department 30th October, 2017
Prof. V. Bhikshma & Prof. K. L. Radhika NAAC Visit to Department 18th August, 2017
Prof. V. Bhikshma & Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar Pre-conference Workshop on 62nd Congress of The Indian Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ISTAM-20-17-An International Meet) 13-14 December, 2017
Prof. V. Bhikshma & Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar 62nd Congress of The Indian Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ISTAM-20-17-An International Meet) 15-18 December, 2017
Prof. V. Bhikshma & Dr. D. Rupesh Kumar An International Conference on Innovations in Structural Engineering(IC-ISE 2017) 28-31, Dec-2017
Prof. M. A. Prasad, Prof. P. Raja Sekhar & Dr. K. Shashikanth B.E (Civil) VI-Semester students visited Palamuru-Rangareddy Lift Irrigation Project as a part of industrial visit 17th February, 2018
Prof. P. Raja Sekhar, Dr. K. Shashikanth & Ms. S. Prasanna Educational Visit of V semester students to ICRISAT
Prof. P. Raja Sekhar, Prof. K. L. Radhika, Dr. K. Shashikanth & Mrs. S. Prasanna Two Day National Conference on Advanced Computing Applications in Civil Engineering (ACACE-2018) 20th & 21st April, 2018
Prof. K. L. Radhika 17th National Level Technical Symposium – NIRMAAN-2018 9th & 10th March, 2018
Dr. M. V. S. Sreedhar Inauguration of Indian Geotechnical Society Student Chapter and first seminar on “Perspectives in Carrying Capacity of Shallow Foundations” By Prof. M. R. Madhav, Ex. Professor, IIT Kanpur & Professor Emeritus, IIT Hyderabad & JNTUH 29.11.2017
Dr. D. Rajashekar Reddy One Day National Workshop on Pavement Design, Evaluation and Maintenance 23rd June, 2018
Dr. R. Srinivasa Kumar GNSS Technologies and its Applications 21st and 22nd October
Dr. R. Srinivasa Kumar B.E (Civil) VI-Semester students participated in a Surveying Camp 23rd & 24th March, 2018
Dr. R. Srinivasa Kumar One-day Workshop on Traffic Problems in & around Hyderabad and Remedial Measures 15th June, 2018
Mrs. D. Annapurna, Mrs. P. Anuradha, Mr. R. Rajender & Mr. L. Ajay Kumar One Day National Workshop on Repair and Rehabilitation of Structures (RRS-2018) 28th February, 2018
Ms. P. Anuradha Design of Tall Structures 21st and 22nd October, 2017
CEA Two Day Workshop on Dam Designing and Road Designing 24th & 25th February, 2018